It was not until the end of the 19th century that modem Ukrainian literature emerged out of the colloquial Ukrainian language and the writers of that time greatly contributed to the reawakening of Ukrainian national consciousness.
Ivan Kotlyarevsky inaugurated modem Ukrainian literature with his "Eneyida", a brilliant parody on Virgil's "Aeneid". Kotlyarevsky turned ancient Greek characters into Ukrainian Cossacks. His works are full of humor and recognizable portraits. He influenced many other writers.