The area of natural vegetation occupies about 30% of Ukraine's territory, of which 14 % is forested, 3 % is highlands, 8 % swampland. Most forests are in the Carpathians and Polissia.
Ukraine has mostly coniferous and deciduous trees (pine, oak, fir, beech and birch). Plantations of valuable species (oak and beech) are increasing, while plantations of little-used trees such as hornbeam and aspen are diminishing. The wealth of the forest includes not only timber, but also, berries, mushrooms and medicinal herbs.