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Урок на тему "Преимущества и недостатки телевидения"


Тема урока: Преимущества и недостатки телевидения.
Практические задачи: Организовать чтение текста с охватом его основного содержания. Организовать тренировку учеников в употреблении лексического материала на уровне предложения. Организовать тренировку учеников в употреблении грамматического материала на уровне фразы и сверхфразового единства.
Образовательные задачи: расширять филологический кругозор учеников: учить учеников наблюдать за лексическими и грамматическими явлениями английского языка, замечать их отличия от родного языка; расширять общий кругозор учеников:сформировать представление о современном телевидении, его влиянии на подростков и на общество в целом; повышать общую культуру учеников.
Развивающие задачи: развивать коммуникативные навыки учеников; развивать навыки чтения; развивать умение работать в группах; развивать умение планировать свой речевой поступок; развивать сообразительность учеников.
Воспитательные задачи: воспитывать положительные черты характера: активность, трудолюбие, доброжелательность, самостоятельность.
Оборудование: учебник; мультимедийная доска; ноутбук; презентации.
Ход урока.
1.Подготовка к восприятию иноязычной речи.
1)Приветствие, сообщение темы и задач урока.
T:Dear children, glad to see you at our English lesson. Today we are going to continue our discussion about television.Many people have forgotten what the world was like before TV. Today it has become an integral part of our lives. No medium can compare with TV as a means of information, entertainment and education. TV now plays such an important role in so many people’s lives that it is essential for us to try to decide whether it is bad or good.We are going to talk about (слайд 2)…
2)Введение в иноязычную атмосферу.
T: How do you understand this statement “Television is a reflection of the World”? What is TV for us? What does it offer? Is all information on TV helpful and believable?
2.Основная часть урока.
1)Организация чтения текста с охватом его основного содержания.
? T: Let’s play a game “Prove your point of view” (Займи позицию). Look at the screen-table. You can see the positive and the negative effects of television in it. Work in groups. One group will prove that television has positive effects and the other will speak about the negative effects of TV (Учащиеся высказывают своё мнение, используя таблицу. Слайд 3).
? T: Read a title from the magazine American Reporter and guess by the title what the article is going to be about.
? T: Read the article and check if your ideas were right.
It’s been nearly 35 years now since I left my parents’ home at 19 and entered into a life without television. In all the time I have never had a TV in any place I’ve called home.
I have read more than 2,000 books, seen more than 1,000 movies, spent 5,000 hours in conversation with some 10,000 people, spent thousands of hours in public service to my community, traveled to 18 countries and learned bits and snatches of 15 languages.
I am less inclined to talk in sitcom clich?s, less likely to mention brand names, and less likely to be afraid to go outside at night. I know far more about world events, speak better English, know more of my neighbors, have more opinions about everything, and I am more inclined to help a stranger in need.
You will probably laugh a little at that list, but there is a clear relationship between the amount of TV viewing one does and all of the qualities I’ve described. After all, being the audience for a TV is a passive act; scientists told the Los Angeles Times that on average, a child watching television slips into the passive brain state within 30 seconds of beginning to watch television. Most adults I know seem to start out that way.
For me, watching television is an exercise in observation; I am aware of camera angels, stage-setting, editing and message-shaping more than of what TV tries to sell me: indeed, it doesn’t take much to become a sophisticated TV viewer – all you have to do is turn it off for a while to see how empty and manipulative it is when you turn it on again.
That unreality was never more painfully real than the time I watched Mike Wallace recap key moments of the ‘70s during a New Year’s Eve broadcast. The most powerful of the images was of the terrorists at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games. I re-experienced the horror of the murders of the Israeli athletes growing more deeply involved in the story with every passing second.
With no warning, a Miller Beer commercial suddenly blared onto the screen, and it was as though a fully-loaded garbage truck had plowed into my gut. I almost vomited with the shock and sense of violation.
Admittedly, I have spent a few great moments in front of the tube. Live [law] coverage of the Detroit riots in 1966, the assassination of Lee Harvey Oswald by Jack Ruby in 1963, and the end of President Reagan’s first State of the Union address might quality, though.
Each of those events, I would note, was broadcast live, free of commercial interruption. But I suspect that television executives would decide whether to show Jack Ruby’s act today. That’s another problem with TV: It’s carefully controlled and information is fed to Americans by just a few huge corporations, and they seem unable to understand it.
April 23-29 is National TV-Turnoff Week, and I urge everyone who wants to see another world in this lifetime – namely, this one – to join those of us who have learned how to live in it.
? T: Now let’s have a discussion. Group 1, I want you to give me a few examples of positive effects of TV from the writer’s point of view. Group 2, you are to give the negative effects.
? T: OK, we’ve discussed positive and negative effects of TV. And what can we do about the dangers of TV (слайд 4).
Only Time (Enya)

Who can say where the road goes,
Where the day flows?
Only time...
And who can say if your love grows,
As your heart chose?
Only time...

Who can say why your heart sighs,
As your love flies?
Only time...
And who can say why your heart cries,
When your love dies?
Only time...

Who can say when the roads meet,
That love might be,
In your heart.
And who can say when the day sleeps,
If the night keeps all your heart?
Night keeps all your heart...
(extended chants)

Who can say if your love grows,
As your heart chose?
Only time...
And who can say where the road goes,
Where the day flows?
3)Организация тренировки учеников в употреблении грамматического материала на уровне фразы и предложения.
? T: Мы выражали свою точку зрения в одном предложении. Теперь мы научимся высказывать противоположные мнения одним предложением. Study the chart below(слайд 5).

Ways of introducing a contrast between two points
Use Position in the sentence
although - more formal than “though” a subject + verb after them Although television is very entertaining, it is often violent. Television is very violent, although it is very entertaining.
though – more often in spoken English Though I was tired, I helped Mother about the house. I helped Mother about the house though I was tired. I helped Mother about the house. I was tired though.
even though – stronger form of “although” Even though I was really tired, I helped Mother. I helped Mother even though I was really tired.
despite a noun, a pronoun, or V-ing after them Despite the bad weather, we had a nice trip. We had a nice trip, despite the bad weather.
in spite of In spite of being tired, I helped Mother about the house. I helped Mother about the house, in spite of being tired.

? T: Join the sentences and the contrasting ideas from the For Your Info box. Use the words in brackets. Make changes in the sentences where necessary.
Example: American children spend 900 hours a year at school. (Although) – Although American children spend 900 hour a year at school, they spend 1,500 hours a year in front of the TV.
1. American parents are caring and thoughtful. (Despite) – Despite American parents are caring and thoughtful, their children feel a lack of their attention.
2. All children spend hours and hours watching TV. (Although) - Althoughall children spend hours and hours watching TV, they spend their free time elsewhere.
3. Parents think it necessary to control what TV programmes children watch. (Though) - Thoughparents think it necessary to control what TV programmes children watch, they cannot do it.
4. It is very harmful to watch television while eating. (Even though) - Even thoughit is very harmful to watch television while eating, most people ignore this advice.
5. There are worries that children are not getting enough exercise. (In spite of) - In spite of worries that children are not getting enough exercise, many of them do many indoor and outdoor sports activities.
4)Проверка домашнего задания.
Ученики показывают составленные дома презентации.
3.Заключительная часть урока.
1)Домашнее задание.
Составить 8 предложений с выученной грамматической структурой.
2)Подведение итогов урока.
Т: What was the topic of our lesson today? What is the most effective way to deal with TV violence? Why do you think so?


Полякова Татьяна Геннадьевна (учитель английского языка Торезской общеобразовательной школы I-III ступеней №10)

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